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Definition of Human Resource Management and HR Management Functions

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Definition of Human Resource management – Excellence Human resources (HR) are often used to describe people who work for companies or organizations and departments that are responsible for managing resources related to employees.

The term human resources (HR) was first created around the 1960s when the value of work relations began to gather attention and when ideas such as motivation, organizational behavior, and selection assessment began to take shape.

What Is HR Management?

human resource management definition by authors

Human resource management (HRM) is a contemporary term used to describe the management and development of employees in an organization.

HR Management Terms Also often referred to as personnel or talent management. HRM involves overseeing all matters relating to the management of the organization’s human resources.

Therefore, human resource management focuses on a number of key areas, including:

  • Recruit and staff
  • Compensation and profit
  • Training and learning
  • Labor and employee relations
  • Organizational development

Definition of HR Management According to experts:

human resource definition

Mangkunegara (2007: 2)

“Human Resource Management (HRM) is planning, organizing, directing, coordinating, implementing, and supervising the procurement, development, remuneration, integration, maintenance, and separation of labor in order to achieve organizational goals”.

Henry Simamora (2004: 4)

“Management of Management Resources (HRM) is the utilization, development, assessment, remuneration, and management of individual members of an organization or group of employees”.

Melayu S.P. Hasibuan (2003: 10)

“Human Resource Management (HRM) is the science and art of managing relationships and the role of the workforce to be effective and efficient, to help realize the goals of the company, employees and the community”.

Human Resource Management Function

functions of human resource management

Broadly speaking, there are 2 (two) HR Management functions, namely:

Managerial function

HRM managerial functions consist of:

  • Planning
  • Organizing
  • Directing
  • Controlling

Operational Function

Operational functions in Human Resource Management (HRM) consist of:

  • Employee/labor procurement
  • Development
  • Integration
  • Maintenance
  • Compensation
  • Work termination

Human resource management (HRM) involves the development and management of programs designed to improve the effectiveness of organizations or businesses.

This covers the entire spectrum in creating, managing and growing employer-employee relationships.

For most organizations, agencies, and businesses, the human resources department is responsible for:

  • Manage job recruitment, selection, and promotion
  • Develop and oversee employee benefits and welfare programs
  • Develop, promote, and enforce personnel policies
  • Promote employee career development and job training
  • Provides orientation programs for new employees
  • Provide guidance on disciplinary action
  • Serving as the main contact for accidents or work accidents

Based on the understanding of Human Resource Management, it is very related to the management of employees in the company and the interaction between employees.

According to Cherrington (1995: 11), the use of HR Management in companies has the following functions:

1. Staffing (Employment)

This HR management function has three important activities, namely HR planning, withdrawal, and selection. Therefore managers have the responsibility to anticipate HR needs.

With the development of the company will make the organization has a dependency on the HR department to find out about the composition and skills of employees.

Therefore, the HR section of the company must screen the right employees through tests, interviews and investigating the background of prospective employees.

HR management responsibilities are also related to legal issues inherent in the employment opportunities that have been given to employees.

2. Performance Evaluation

One of the responsibilities of HR management is to ensure that every employee has an effective performance and also has a good performance.

Therefore they must always evaluate or evaluate the performance of each employee within the company.

Human resource management must also conduct various training for each employee so that they have performance and performance that is in line with the company’s standards.

3. Compensation

HR management also deals with providing rewards or compensation for each employee. This relates to the suitability of payment of benefits provided to employees.

This payment can be in the form of salary, incentives, salary or profit sharing given to employees. This also relates to the provision of benefit compensation such as health insurance, life insurance, taking leave, etc.

The HR management team is fully responsible for ensuring that the compensation given is in accordance with applicable regulations (UMR) and also competitive with other similar companies.

4. Training and development

The function of other HR management teams is to provide effective training and development to the workforce so that they can develop.

They must be able to help each manager be a coach and advisor to his subordinates, conduct training, and development programs for new and old employees, meet the needs of company employees and be accountable for evaluating the effectiveness of the training and development.

Other HRM responsibilities are the issue of layoffs and also help companies in overcoming employee conflicts that occur inside the company.

5. Employee Relations

A company that has a union, the human resource management team must play an active role to negotiate and deal with problems that occur with the union.

The HRM function helps companies to deal with workers’ groups to avoid practices that can harm companies such as employee strikes and demonstrations.

6. Safety and health

The company has an obligation to implement safety programs for employees to reduce unwanted risks so as to create a healthy work environment.

By running an effective safety program, it can reduce the number of employee accidents and can also improve the overall health of the workforce.

Therefore the HRM team must be responsible for providing work safety training and identifying problems that could endanger employee safety.

7. Personnel Research

One way to improve the effectiveness of employees in working is the company’s ability to analyze individual employee problems.

Therefore, companies must be sensitive to employee problems such as work delays, employee attendance problems and other problems that can cause discomfort in the company.

By analyzing the behavior of these employees, the company can avoid the occurrence of things that are not desired, such as employees who stop suddenly.

Objectives of Human Resource Management (HRM)

objectives of human resource management

The main objective of Human Resource Management (HRM) is to increase employee contributions to the company to achieve the productivity of the company itself.

The importance of Human Resources (HR) in the company’s activities to achieve goals must be managed so that the HR possessed can be effective to achieve the company’s goals.

Some goals of Human Resource Management (HRM):

1. Overcoming all employee problems

One of the tasks of an HR manager is to overcome all employee issues such as salaries, retirement plans, training, promotion, etc.

In addition, the task of HR management is to resolve conflicts between employees or between employees and their superiors.

2. Getting new employees or labor

The Human Resource Management team has the task of recruiting potential employees and overseeing the recruitment process. In addition, the task of HR Management is to provide work orientation to new employees.

3. Increase employee morale

The next goal of HRM is to encourage employee morale to contribute to the company’s success by doing the best.

Therefore they must create a conducive work environment and give awards to the best employees.

4. Manage the layoff process

One of the tasks of the HR management team is to manage the employee layoff process. If the employee stops, stops or is fired, the HRM team must ensure that the process is carried out legally.


Based on the discussion above, it can be concluded that the success of the company is not only based on the amount of capital or the sophistication of the company’s technology.

One of the important things that must be considered is the existence of Human Resources. This is because all the systems in a company are entirely dependent on the capabilities of the human resources owned by the company.

For a little discussion about the definition of Human Resource Management and the function of Human Resource Management.

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